Medical Abortions May Be Performed From 3 to 14 Weeks

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The abortion pill procedure (non-surgical abortion, Mifeprex, Mifepristone, Medical Abortion Pill) has been quickly gaining recognition in the United States since 2001 when the FDA approved RU 486 for termination pregnancy between 3 and 7 weeks. Numerous studies conducted in the US and throughout the world have demonstrated the abortion pill to be effective with minimal side effects up to 9 weeks from a patient's last menstrual period. Several studies have found the abortion pill to be safe and effective up to 14 weeks from the last menstrual period.

It has been well documented that patients with a pregnancy of less than 6 weeks have a 40 to 60% rate of successfully expelling the gestational tissue (ie, miscarriage) when prescribed RU 486 as the sole medication. Cytotec (Misoprostol) was then added to decrease the length of time it took to complete the abortion process and reduce the chance of uterine infection, vaginal bleeding or retained tissue. Cytotec is a prostaglandin known to cause uterine contractions, increase intrauterine pressure and separate the pregnancy tissue from the uterine wall. Changes also occurred locally in the cervix (lower part of the womb) allowing it to dilate (open) and become soft which further helped to eliminate the pregnancy tissue from the uterus. This process can take approximately 4 to 6 hours from insertion of the Cytotec tablets. On average, there is a 2 to 6% failure rate using the combination of RU 486 and Cytotec for patients who are between 3 and 14 weeks pregnant. For patients who are less than 6 weeks, the success rate is between 97 and 99%. In essence, the earlier in gestation the RU 486 abortion procedure is performed, the higher the success rate.

Abortions using Mifeprex and Misoprostol are associated with very few complications. Side effects of the abortion pill can include the possibility of headache, abdominal discomfort and diarrhea. Initial chills, fever, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea can also occur with the use of Cytotec.

Side effects associated with the abortion procedure in general are retained tissue or incomplete abortion and continued or excessive bleeding; all of which require a surgical abortion procedure to be performed. In a few cases, blood transfusions were required. There have been reports of death due to a rare type of infection. There has been no conclusion that these deaths were directly caused by the abortion procedure. In general, patients who are further along in their pregnancy have more discomfort caused by uterine contractions and there is a slightly higher chance of a continued pregnancy which requires surgical removal.

In summary, the combined Mifepristone and Misoprostol abortion pill procedure has been used for many years to terminate pregnancies up to 9 weeks gestation. It is now used in certain cases up to 14 weeks. Patients who are further than 10 weeks must be warned about the possible appearance of fetal tissue. For this reason, patients who may find this othersome are asked to avoid viewing the pregnancy tissue. Performing the abortion pill procedure up to 14 weeks is otherwise a highly safe and practical substitution to the surgical abortion procedure.

Obesity: Cause, Risk and Treatment

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Obesity is a condition in which the body possesses excess body fat which could put one's health at risk. There are several conditions that may be developed due to obesity. Many individuals are afflicted with obesity and based on studies being transported, out the amount of obese individuals will keep rising. To help combat the obesity epidemic, several organizations like the American Obesity Association (AOA) are putting their efforts into developing new and efficient strategies. Moreover, many health organizations are doing their part to educate people about obesity. Neverheless, there are effective treatments for weight problems. Doctors strongly suggests people become aware of what causes obesity and empower them to do something about them.

Poor diet and eating habits:

Human beings need to eat to be able to function effectively and provide what their body needs. The problem is when individuals eat an excess amount of carbohydrates and fat. Your body does not utilize all of them and therefore they are kept in the body as excess fat or calories. Since fats and carbs are completely the main culprits to weight problems, people who love consuming foods loaded with carbohydrates and fat will probably become overweight. Examples are steak, milk products, pasta, potatoes, rice, white bread, sweet food items and sweetened drinks, particularly carbonated soda.

Apart from eating unhealthy food, having an improper eating routine may also give rise to obesity. Many people do not eat a healthy breakfast, which can lead to overeating for the rest of the day. Also. many do not try to eat regularly. Rather, busy people choose to eat only if they have time to do this which can be very detrimental. It is very important to start you day with a healthy balanced day. Contrary to what many might think, it is also important to eat 5 small meals during the course of the day. Having a mid morning and mid afternoon snack, something like an apple and a piece of cheese, will help keep hunger pangs at bay, reduce the chance of overeating at lunch and dinner and keep your metabolism steady and productive all day long.

Causes of Obesity

Poor Eating Habits – Not eating regularly, overeating, consuming an excess of carbohydrates, fats and sugar as well as an inventory amount of fruits and vegetables will all lead down the path to obesity

Inactive Lifestyle – Because of technological innovation, many individuals do not need to exert a lot effort within their work and in many cases at home. Technology has made things all too easy. When you are sedentary, your body does not burn the stored energy within the body. Consequently, the stored energy becomes fat which can lead to obesity.

Additional causes of obesity consistant of hormonal imbalances, particularly for women, environmental factors, genetics, family history and psychological problems. Each one of these factors may contribute to obesity when they're not deal with properly.
Risks of Obesity

These are just a few of the most typical health problems related to obesity below:

Heart Disease – Cardiovascular disease, including cardiac arrest, congestive heart failure, chest pain or angina and irregular heart-beat, is significantly elevated for individuals who are obese or overweight. Actually, obese people have a 70% increase in heart disease. Obese people have twice the risk of high blood pressure. Furthermore, triglyceride and cholesterol levels are generally much higher in those struggling with obesity. Those with obesity also have lower HDL cholesterol levels which is the called the 'good cholesterol'.

Stroke – Obese individuals are at a dangerous risk for stroke. The most common reason for stroke is atherosclerosis, a thinning of the arteries that causes arterial blood clots. As atherosclerosis is caused by a multitude of factors such as hypertensive, high cholesterol, lack of exercise, smoking and obesity.

Diabetes – Research has shown that an excess weight of just 11-18 pounds can double a person's risk of developing diabetes type 2. Over 80% of diabetic patients are obese or overweight. There is clearly a historical relationship involving diagnoses and obesity. Furthermore, obese people have a 400% increased risk in becoming diabetics.

Cancer – Obesity has been proven to place individuals at greater risk for many forms of cancer including colon, prostate, gallbladder and kidneys. In obese and overweight women there is also the risk of endometrial cancer and postmenopausal cancers of the breast. Statistics show that females gain 20 pounds among the age of 18 and middle age. They are at twice the chance for postmenopausal cancer of the breast than ladies who maintain their body weight during their adulthood.

Gallbladder Disease and Gallstones – The occurrence of gallbladder disease and gall stones is about 3 times greater in overweight individuals. Additionally, the risk of symptomatic gallstones is proportional to a rise in weight as well as Body Mass Index (BMI).

Reproductive Complications – Babies born to overweight mothers tend to be more prone to higher birth weight. Consequently, obese mothers are often required to go through a Cesarean section delivery. Overweight problems have also been associated with a greater frequency of birth flaws, particularly neural tube problems including spina bifida, and additional complications during delivery stages. Obesity has also been show to increase the chance of death for mothers and newborns during pregnancy. There is also a 10 fold increased risk of high blood pressure levels in pregnant obese women.

Osteoarthritis – Osteoarthritis is much more common in overweight individuals than people with wholesome body weight. Actually, research indicates that for every two pound rise in body weight, overweight and obese people notice a 9 to 13% higher risk for arthritis and other ailments.

Depression – Obese and overweight people are afflicted by depression along with other psychological problems. The sentiments of unattractiveness, solitude, disappointment and inability may be emphasized when a person experiences rejection or any kind of discrimination within a workplace, school or social situation. Basically, many obese and overweight individuals experience a lower quality of life caused not just by numerous health problems but also the incapability to finish some pursuits or attain certain goals.

Breathing Problems – Obese individuals are more likely to suffer from breathing problems such as asthma, severe bronchitis and respiratory insufficiency. Sleep apnea, characterized by difficulty breathing and interrupted respiration while sleeping, is much more common in overweight and obese populations.

TREATMENT:

The simple prescription is: exercise, drink 64 oz of water per day and low carb and low sugar diet. You may have tried fad diets or get thin quick schemes but the weight comes right back. The only way to do it for lasting success is through proper nutrition and exercise. Those most successful at their weight loss adhere to a regimen. They keep to their routine and abide by it no matter what. Slow and steady will win the race in the end. Do not get impatient. The reward will be so sweet if you hang in there.

In some cases of severe, morbidly obese patients, diet and physical exercises have a very limited impact. In these cases, it may be necessary to have bariatric surgery, only after a doctor performs a full physical exam and psychological evaluation and typically they will require an attempt at dieting and exercise before agreeing to perform surgery.

Obesity will not disappear quickly. It needs to be a very disciplined process which will take some time. Through this process you will develop a whole new relationship with food and with your body, which is key to your long term success.

You can do it!

Managing Medical Abortion Pain After The Procedure

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Even though it can not be an easy thing to go, abortion is a very common procedure which is taken up by women who do not want to give birth to a baby at a given point in time. The subject is very taboo and is surrounded by some great religious shame, social pressures and political oppressions. This is an unfortunate situation that leaves any woman feeling afraid and alone. This is the time when a woman needs a lot of support to cope up with pain and loneliness. There are several ideas using which you can manage your medical abortion pain after the procedure. You got to follow the instructions given in the article given below.

Some of the key instructions which you should follow in order to manage medical abortion pain just after the procedure are given below.

• You should always know that you are not lonely. There are family and friends who care about you. Try and spend more and more time with them so that no issues come up later on.

• Now, you should realize that abortion is a mentally, physically, spiritually and emotionally challenging procedure which can really bog you down. No matter how strong you are you need to prepare yourself well mentally for this procedure. You need to give yourself a good amount of time and energy so that you can be normal all the time. You can even take some days off from your office.

• Healing your body is quite important for you after the procedure. You got to carefully avoid intense exercise sessions for about a week. You can go for a walk or even attend yoga classes which are gentle on your body. Do not do anything that puts a strain on your body.

• Avoid having sex for some days so that you do not end up doing any harm to your private organs.

• Take a good amount of rest and ask your friend to give you a good massage so that you can relax as much as possible.

Taking suggestions from your doctor is also very important here and you need to be very careful while managing medical abortion pain after the procedure gets over. If you are looking for any kind of guidance then you can consider talking to an expert in this industry. A little bit of research on the internet could also help you a lot. You just have to take good care of your health.

What Are the Reasons Behind the Obesity Epidemic?

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It's pretty much accepted that there is an obesity epic taking place. For the first time in human history, there are more overweight people, than there are starving people.

There are a number of factors as to the reasons why more and more people are gaining weight. The point is that no one thing will solve this problem. Unfortunately some of the factors are beyond the control of most of us, and the chances of this epidemic retreating, seem to be fairly small. Below are some things that you may want to think about.

First of all, it does not take a genius to work out that we have become less active in our daily lives. In our places of work, where much of the production of goods used to be done manually, are now one by machine and computers.

Where we used to spend a lot of or free time outside, we now stay inside our homes for most of the time. This is because we have so many ways to entertain ourselves at home. Many people spend up to 40 hours a week just watching television. Most of us do not even work these hours in our jobs.

It has been said that video games is a major culprit in the obesity epidemic. This is especially true for our kids. Spending hours and hours tapping fingers on video controllers, is not doing much for the health of our kids.

Everyone looks towards fast food as being one of the major causes of obesity. It's true that more of us readily on fast food for our nutrition today. The reasons for this are that first of all, it's time cheap. Meaning that fast food takes minutes to prepare, and everyone wants more time. The funny thing is that although we all know that fast food has an impact on obesity, we still buy it.

Another factor is pollution. Virtually all the food that we eat is polluted in one way or another. It is polluted by the air, by chemicals which are used to grow it, by chemicals which are sprayed onto it, and by chemicals which are added to it to extend shelf life. Because of what we put into our bodies, we too have become polluted.

Chemicals are man-made, and therefore not natural. We on the other hand are natural animals filling ourselves with unnatural fuels. Something has to give., Or are we already seeing the signs with the obesity epidemic which is surrounding us? Do not be surprised if years from now, people will look back in horror at the dangerous additives we used to put into our food.

What can we do? The truth is that we have to take responsibility for our own health. Do not look towards placing your health into the hands of others. It is your body and no one will care about it as much as you should. There are things that we can all do. We can exercise more and we can try to cut down on processed foods. We need to do something if we want to avoid becoming another statistic in the obsesity epidemic.

Fibromyalgia or Chronic Fatigue

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Fibromyalgia means that a previously healthy person develops unexplained exhaustion, fatigue and muscle aches and pains that last for more than six months, all blood tests are normal and doctors can not find a cause. One report shows that a large number of people who were diagnosed as having fibromyalgia really had polymyalgia rheumatica that does not have an abnormal blood test.
Another study shows that many sufferers have low spinal fluid levels of vitamin B12 and may be treated with 1000 mcg B12 pills each day.

The diagnosis of fibromyalgia should be made only after all other causes have been ruled out. Many infections can cause fatigue and muscle pain, such as parvovirus B19, which was reported to be cured with intravenous injections of immunoglobulin. The evaluation should include tests for infectious diseases; such as Lyme disease and hepatitis B or C, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis or the helicobacter that causes stomach ulcers; autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis; hidden cancers such as those of the breast or prostate; hormonal diseases such as low thyroid; or side effects from a medicine or illicit drug.

About twenty percent of the patients are depressed, and most people miss work and complain of illness long before their diagnosis. A diagnosis of chronic fatigue means that tiredness is the major complaint. Fibromyalgia usually means that muscle and joint pains are the major symptoms. Many studies show that there is no dependent way to define chronic fatigue syndrome or fibromyalgia, and that three months of antibiotics does not cure them, but if the doctor suspects a reactive arthritis it is reasonable to give a trial with antibiotics for a longer term.
Reactive arthritis patients who may be cured with long-term antibiotics are:

* Those who have positive blood tests for arthritis which are really measures of an overactive immunity that is trying to kill a germ,

* those who suffer from a chronic infection characterized by burning on urination, urgency or having to get up many times during the night

* those who have chronic diarrhea,

* those who have belching and burning in the stomach,

* those who have a chronic cough or sinus infections,

* those who have swelling in the middle of the hand which is characteristic of Rheumatoid arthritis.

However, people who have reactive arthritis must be treated for longer than three months, often for more than a year.

An article from the University of Washington, Seattle demonstrates that fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, temporomandibular joint syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, interstitial cystitis and chronic headaches share the same symptoms, occur in the same people and doctors can not find a cause or treatment . I have prescribed doxycycline 100 mg twice a day for several months, and sometimes azithromycin 500 mg twice a week, and some get better. However, this treatment is controversial and is not accepted by many doctors. Please check with your doctor.

Getting Pregnant After an Abortion

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Abortion is not always a personal choice. It may sometimes be needed because of medical reasons – nervous system problems, cancer or major organ infections. Whether the abortion is a lifestyle or a medical decision, it could have some negative consequences.

Understanding Abortion

Classical medical abortion is a procedure during which the fertilized egg is detached from the wall of the uterus. A medical abortion can be performed solely during a certain stage of the pregnancy – up to the 12th week. The best time for a medical abortion is during the sixth and seventh weeks.

To access the uterus, the gynecologist needs to use special wideners. A curette is the instrument used to separate the fertilized egg from the wall of the uterus. The medical abortion takes place under anesthesia. Although the procedure looks simple, it is one of the most complex medical interventions.

If the abortion is performed unprofessionally, the woman risks losing her chance of having a baby in the future. Such abortions can also lead to dangerous infections and other medical problems.

Can Abortion Affect Future Pregnancies?

Abortion is a delicate procedure. Some of the complications and problems that can occur include cervix injury. If the injury is serious, the cervix will stop performing its protective function.

The cervix is ​​a muscular formation that can be damaged during surgical intervention. In the case of an abortion, the cervix can get torn apart. The situation is more complex if the abortion takes place during a first pregnancy, when the cervical canal is extremely narrow and can not be widened significantly through the use of medical instruments.

An abortion can cause miscarriage during a following pregnancy. The danger is highest from the 16th to the 18th weeks of pregnancy. The pregnant woman could experience vaginal bleeding and pain.

What can be done to Minimize the Danger?

Your gynecologist should know if you have had an abortion in the past. Special precautions and monitoring will minimize the danger of miscarriage and will help you experience a pleasant and problem-free pregnancy.

Special stitches are needed to keep the cervix closed during pregnancy. The problem with such complications is that they often get diagnosed after a miscarriage has occurred. If the gynecologist is aware of a previous abortion and accidental cervix trauma, complications can be avoided.

A miscarriage after an abortion can also occur because of changes in hormonal regulation. The artificial termination of a pregnancy affects the normal functioning of endocrine organs – pituitary gland and ovaries. During a coming pregnancy, these organs will be able to provide the levels of hormones needed for a successful pregnancy.

Getting Pregnant after an abortion

The fact that a pregnancy complication can occur after an abortion does not signify that each woman will be having such problems. It is possible to get pregnant effortlessly and to have a wonderful pregnancy even after such intervention.

The first and most important step is talking to your gynecologist and undergoing a thorough medical exam. Your doctor will examine the condition of the cervix and will let you know if you need to worry about anything.

Take care of your body. The process of getting pregnant and giving birth to a child puts extra pressure on your body. You need to be relaxed and fully prepared for becoming a mom. Work on improving your physical condition. If you are fit and healthy, you will be able to overcome any obstacles related to a surgical intervention such as an abortion.

The Symptoms Of Dementia

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Dementia is the progressive decline in cognitive function due to damage or disease in the brain beyond what might be expected from normal aging. Particularly affected areas may be memory, attention, language and problem solving, although particularly in the later stages of the condition, affected persons may be disoriented in time, not knowing what day, week, month or year it is, not knowing where they are not knowing who they are.

Symptoms of dementia can be classified as either reversible or irreversible depending upon the etiology of the disease. Less than 10% of all dementias are reversible. Dementia is a non-specific term that encompasses many disease processes, just as fever is attributable to many etiologies.

Early symptoms of dementia often consist in changes in personality, or in behavior. Often dementia can be first evident during an episode of delirium. There is a higher prevalence of ever developing dementia in individuals who experience an acute episode of confusion while hospitalized.

Dementia can affect language, comprehension, motor skills, short-term memory, ability to identify commonly used items, reaction time, personality traits, and executive functioning. Even without signs of general intellectual decline, delusions are common in dementia (15-56% incidence rate in Alzheimer's type, and 27-60% incidence rate in multi-infarct dementia). Often these delusions take the form of monothematic delusions, like mirrored self-misidentification.

Elderly people can also react with dementia-like symptoms to surgery, infections, sleep deprivation, irregular food intake, dehydration, loneliness, change in domicile or personal crises. This is called delirium, and many if not most dementia patients also have a delirium on top of the physiologic dementia, adding to the symptoms.

The delirium can go away or greatly improve when treated with tender care, improved food and sleeping habits, but this does not affect the alterations in the brain. Affected persons may also show signs of psychosis or depression. It is important to be able to differentiate between delirium and dementia.

Proper differential diagnosis between the types of dementia will require, at the least, referral to a specialist, eg a geriatric internist, geriatric psychiatrist or neurologist. However, there are some brief 5-15 minute tests that have good reliability and can be used in the office or other setting to evaluate cognitive status.

Except for the treatable types listed above, there is no cure to this illness, although scientists are progressing in making a type of medication that will slow down the process.

Disclaimer – The information presented here should not be interpreted as medical advice. If you or someone you know sufferers from Dementia, please consult your physician for the latest treatment options.

What Are the Main Causes of Obesity in America Today? 7 Possible Answers

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Millions of Americans are considered clinically obese. In the past 30 years the amount of obese children and adults has literally exploded in the US While some of the causes of this health trend may seem obvious, there are some other less well-known theories. While these theories can be debated by experts and regular folk, everyone agrees that something must be done about the obesity problem.

What causes obesity?

Larger Serving Sizes

The "Super Size" mentality does not just belong to the fast food industry. Seems like many restaurants offer huge serving sizes for everything from a chef salad, to spaghetti and meatballs, to a steak dinner. Most people have been raised to finish everything on their plate and when someone sits a huge plate of food down in front of you, you're more likely to try and finish it without even thinking much about it.

Americans have now gotten used to eating larger portions per meal and that can translate into their own kitchens. There is a tendency to cook and serve larger meals at home too. Going back for seconds and third helpings is also common.

Eating More Fast Food

Studies have shown that the consumption of fast food meals has quadrupled from 1977 to 1996 and it's probably grown more since then. Our increasingly busy society means that more people do not have the time or inclining to cook meals from scratch at home.

The average fast food meal consist of foods like: big burgers, large fries, chicken nuggets, pizza with lots of toppings, stuffed to the brim tacos, heavy milkshakes and sugary soft drinks. Many items are laden with fatty cheese and sauces. Yes, these foods taste great and are okay to eat in moderation, but Americans are substituting these foods for everyday meals.

It used to be that most people ate a fairly nutritious meal for breakfast, lunch and dinner and occasionally they're hit the fast food place. It seems like things have almost reversed themselves. For many people, at least one meal per day comes from fast food.

Lack of Physical Exercise

In order to maintain a healthy weight, eating healthy foods is not enough. You need to exercise on a regular basis. Now, this exercise can mean going to the gym, playing a game of tennis, biking around the neighborhood or going out for a brisk walk around the park.

Many people simply are not exercising at all, which contributes to their weight gain and ultimate unhealthy lifestyle. A lot of people have a mental block when it comes to exercise because it's been so long since they've done it. It's like exercise is almost a dirty word for some.

However, if you want to reserve your healthy weight or get back down to one, then this is a must. If adults do not prioritize exercising for physical fitness, then the children of today are doomed to repeat the same patterns of obesity in the future – this is not fair to them.

Low Self-Esteem

A lot of people struggle with low self-esteem or not feeling very good about themselves in general. These issues are often routed in their childhood and involve thoughts that are often buried deep in the subconscious. These negative thoughts often lead people to overeat or develop food addictions.

Body image has become controversial Due to the fact that super skinny models and players are held up as the ideal standard of beauty. However, many people can not achieve this look and should not even try.

Everyone is born with a certain natural body type and our society needs to do more to teach young people and adults that all types of bodies are to be accredited and appreciated. Now, this does not mean that it's okay to be obese, but it does mean we should be more sympathetic to those who are and understand their struggles.

After all, there's a fine line between just being overweight and becoming obese. Any one of us could cross into dangerous unhealthy territory due to bad habits. Feeling good about yourself no matter where you land on the weight scale should be everyone's top priority.

Being Stressed Out

Stress has been identified as a leading cause of many physical ailments, including obesity. When we feel stressed, we're more likely to turn to comfort foods that contain more fat and sugar.

Think about the last time you felt really stressed. Did you grab a healthy apple or did you open up a candy bar and wolf it down?

Stress is a part of everyday life, but more needs to be done to teach people how to control and manage stress with healthy, all natural alternatives. Eating donuts in the morning and a big sloppy hamburger at lunchtime may make you temporarily feel good, but absolutely, all that fat contributes to heart disease and diabetes. Being stressed out and overweight is often a deadly combination.

Drugs and Medication

Many drugs that people take for common maladies and health issues cause weight gain. It can be prescription medication for things like depression, diabetes, sleep disorders, birth control and blood pressure. Some steroid hormone drugs also can make you gain weight.

Often, people do not feel they have a choice but to take this medication, leaving them feeling trapped in a heavier body they do not really want. More study needs to be done on how to reduce or prevent this side effect.

Genetics and Family History

For some people (not many), being overweight is in their genes. If both of your parents are overweight, then there is a higher probability that you are going to be also. While studies have found that there can be a predisposition to obesity among family members, this is not an absolute.

Even if you do come from a family that is naturally heavier, this does not mean that obesity should be allowed to just happen. Being chunky or big boned is quite different than being 300-400 pounds. Family history should not be used as an excuse to let yourself go.

With time, guidance and effort, obesity in America can be conquered, but it's not going to be easy or happen overnight. Each one of us will have to examine our own lifestyle and take action to include healthy eating and exercise habits in our daily routine.

Meth Myths – Can Meth Addicts Really Recover?

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Methamphetamine is much different from regular amphetamine pills. Without going into a chemistry lesson, meth is simply a more refined or condensed form of amphetamine. It is much more powerful than what some people might think of as diet pills or speed. It produces both an intense feeling of energy and strong euphoric pleasure at the same time. Some of the intensity depends on how quickly it gets into the system. This drug in pill form, taken orally, is slow to produce this effect. Injecting it or smoking it is a completely different experience. By smoking meth, large amounts of the drug can be dumped into the bloodstream, which is carried to the brain in a matter of seconds.

What does this feel like to the user? In the real world, for most people, sex is perhaps the most pleasurable feeling one can have. Several recovering meth users have told me that it is like having one hundred orgasms all at once. I can only imagine.

History Developed in the late 1800s in Germany, the chemical make-up of methamphetamine has changed a few times over the years. Meth is an amphetamine drug that is prescribed for use in nasal decongestants and bronchial inhalers, treating narcolepsy, attention deficit disorder, and obesity. Prescribed under the name Desoxyn, this drug suppresses the appetite and increases energy levels, causing increased activity. For some people suffering from ADD, it has the opposite effect–slowing them down. Both legal and illegal use has been with us for many years. Amphetamines or speed was common back when I was using. Meth was more difficult to be found. During those years, cocaine was the drug

of choice. When I used meth in pill form, I could definitely tell that it was not a typical form of speed. The effect was also much longer lasting. I do know one thing for certain. If there had been a smokeable form of meth back then, I would not have hesitated for a second to use it. Smoking cigarettes, smoking pot, smoking anything was considered no big deal.

Chasing the High Before anyone runs out to try this, let me tell you more about it. With this drug, use turns to abuse, which turns to addiction very quickly. It’s almost impossible to get that initial feeling of intense pleasure to happen more than a few times. We often hear the term chasing the high, meaning that once the user has this almost unbelievable experience, they want

to repeat it. This is like trying to catch up to something that is always out in front of you, but never in reach. Chasing, running faster, and trying harder doesn’t work–yet the user doesn’t stop trying. Chasing that first euphoric experience can continue for a long time. In fact, some will die trying to catch it.

Consequences This particular drug also has some devastating effects–both on the body and mind. It is not uncommon for users to stay awake and active for days at a time. After being up for several days, users will start to hallucinate, seeing what is referred to as “shadow people”–a type of hallucination that seems to be unique to users of this drug. People high on meth will often become paranoid and obsessive, thinking the police are watching them. One user told me he became so obsessed with the color black that he painted the entire interior of his house that color. Another woman told me she thought her car radio was talking to her personally, and if a helicopter fl ew overhead she believed the people in it were watching her. Another man, who visited online chat rooms to arrange meetings for anonymous sex, said that the Internet is loaded with meth addicts looking for the same thing.

The physical consequences of meth use are more obvious: it eats away the enamel of the teeth and produces skin lesions. Lack of sleep and food for long periods of time will take its toll on the body and bring it to the point where it just can’t function any longer. The drug will eventually stop working and the user may crash and sleep for days.

Does this sound like fun or what? I mean, why would you want all this to stop?

Recovery from Meth Addiction Do people really recover from meth addiction? Can they recover?

You may have heard the myth, People cannot recover from addiction to meth. Why has the myth evolved? It is probably because meth use has exploded over the past decade. Meth labs and meth-driven crimes receive a lot of press coverage, so there is a general assumption that addiction to methamphetamine is out of control and there is no hope of recovery. People

become addicted to meth more quickly than to various other drugs, and because of this, many are led to believe that nobody can get off this stuff. However, just because we have more and more people addicted to this drug does not mean that they can’t recover. People recover from this drug very frequently. In fact, the recovery rates for meth addiction are about the same as for other drugs such as cocaine, alcohol, and heroin.

Is meth use a big problem? Yes! Do people do some crazy things when they are high on this drug? Yes. Is this impacting the crime rate? Yes. Do people become violent and unpredictable on this drug? Yes. But another yes is that people can and do recover from addiction to meth. It may require a longer period of treatment for recovery, and some of the

physical damage from the drug may take longer to heal, but nonetheless people frequently get off this drug.

Recovery rates from addiction are about the same, regardless of the drug of choice. Heroin, alcohol, tobacco, painkillers, and meth all have one thing in common: If the want to is there, users can recover. This may sound simplistic or trite, but it is true. In fact, a former meth addict who is in long-term recovery once told me, “No one’s case is special or unique. Those who want to quit badly enough can recover.”

But what if a person doesn’t want to? They may say they don’t, because they can’t imagine what life would be like without the drug, and they don’t believe they could live without it. Sometimes they need to be coerced to seek help, and the want to comes much later, after a period of time in treatment. Treatment works for these people as well.

Don’t let anyone tell you it doesn’t.

(article excerpted from the book “Why Don’t They Just QUIT?”)

Dementia – Signs and Treatment

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Dementia is a condition in which there is an impairment of thinking due to a group of symptoms affecting the brain. It includes the common symptom of memory loss. Memory loss by itself, however, is not an absolute sign of dementia.

Alzheimer's disease is the common cause of dementia, and is particularly common in older people.

Senile Dementia: This reflects to the mental deterioration that is associated with old age.

Common Signs of Dementia

* Declining memory: All of us forget names or appointments once in a while, but we often remember them later. People with dementia often forget things and never remember them. They could pose a question over and over again, and yet they will not remember that they had already asked the question.

* Difficulty to perform routine tasks: Persons with dementia will find it difficult to complete familiar tasks.

* Disorientation of place and time: People with dementia may sometimes forget where they are and how to get back home even if they are in a familiar neighborhood.

* Problems with language: Quite often, people who have dementia will experience difficulty in finding the right words, or use the wrong words. As a result, they become frustrated.

* Changes in mood: Everyone experiences mood swing but a person with dementia may become unusually emotional and have fast mood swings for no apparent reason.

* Personality changes: It is not uncommon to see drastic personality changes in people with dementia. They may become irritable, overly fearful or suspicious.

* Loss of initiative: People who have dementia often become passive and choose to be alone.

Dementia Treatment

Although there is no known cure for dementia, a doctor should be a source of valuable information. The objective is to control the symptoms of dementia. Treatment options depend on the conditions of the sufferer.

If there is a need, the doctor should be the right person to refer the sufferer to a neurologist, psychiatrist, or gerontologist (a specialist in the elderly) for further investigation.

By: Anna Soh

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