The larynx, or -gitis is often due to persistent acute laryngitis and commonly affects smokers. Because cancer of the larynx may cause hoarseness, a person whose symptoms persist more than a few weeks should be evaluated for cancer (see Nose and Throat Cancers: Laryngeal Cancer ). Treatment of viral laryngitis depends on the symptoms. Resting the voice (by not speaking), drinking extra fluids, and inhaling steam relieve symptoms and help healing. Treating bronchitis, if present, may improve the laryngitis. An antibiotic is given only for infection caused by bacteria.
Causes of Laryngitis
The common Causes of Laryngitis :
An upper respiratory infection, especially a cold or flu.
Exposure to irritants, such as smoke or chemicals.
Straining or overusing the voice, such as by prolonged loud talking, shouting, cheering, or singing.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) . This is called reflux laryngitis.
Symptoms of Laryngitis
Some Symptoms of Laryngitis :
Recent or current upper respiratory infection
an irritating cough, and
needing to clear the throat excessively.
a hoarse voice,
Treatment of Laryngitis
Ibuprofen and aspirin may help alleviate fever and some of the discomfort associated with laryngitis.
If the doctor is concerned about a bacterial infection causing the laryngitis, then he or she will prescribe a course of antibiotics.
Avoid irritants such as smoke and pollution. Do not smoke.
It may be necessary to place a breathing tube into your throat in order to breathe for you (the procedure is called intubation).
Drink warm liquids such as tea or a honey-lemon drink.
Avoid airborne irritants such as smoke and allergens .
Humidifiers and warm showers can also help alleviate some symptoms.
Vocal therapy may help some people especially those at risk of permanently damaging their voice.
Try to rest your voice and avoid shouting, singing, talking or whispering for long periods. If you overuse your voice when the vocal cords are inflamed, it may make the inflammation worse and take longer for your normal voice to return.