When a couple is struggling to conceive, most people think of female infertility. However, approximately one-third of infertility is attributed to the female partner, one-third attributed to the male partner and one-third is caused by a combination of problems in both partners or, is unexplained.
Male factor infertility is the inability to achieve pregnancy due to low or absent sperm production, abnormal sperm function, misshapen sperm or erectile dysfunction.
There are many reasons for male factor infertility, including: Genetic abnormalities, Hormonal imbalances, Chemotherapy, Sexual dysfunction, Unhealthy lifestyle choices, Sexually transmitted diseases or infections, Excessive heat exposure, Certain medications, Environmental toxins, Previous surgery and, Damage to the testes.
Fertility in men depends on the production and delivery of normal sperm. The best way to determine if a man is infertile is to do a complete history and physical exam and a semen analysis. A blood test and an ultrasound may also be recommended. The physical exam may detect the presence of an injury and potential problems with the testicles. The semen analysis evaluates the volume of semen produced, the concentration of the sperm in the semen, abnormalities with sperm movement, the shapes of the individual sperm cells, and any evidence of infection.
If male factor infertility is diagnosed, sometimes lifestyle changes can help. Quitting smoking and alcohol use, reducing stress, maintaining a healthy weight, eating a healthy diet, and exercise may improve fertility. If further treatment is required, we may suggest one of these treatment options: Surgery, Hormone therapy, Intrauterine Insemination, In-Vitro Fertilization, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection.
The field of assisted reproductive technology has made many advances. With the collaborative efforts of a specially-trained urologist and the reproductive endocrinology team, it is now possible to overcome nearly all obstacles posed by male factor infertility.
With multiple fertility centers in the New York City area, GENESIS serves patients from Brooklyn, Staten Island, Long Island, and Lower Manhattan, New York. For more information or to make an appointment, please visit GenesisFertility.com or call 718-283-8600.