As we mentioned in previous articles, infertility is defined as an inability of a couple to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. It affects over 5 million couples alone in the U. S. and many times more in the world. Because of the unawareness of treatments, only 10% seek help from a professional specialist. We have spent most of the time in this series discussing the conventional and Chinese medicine in treating fertility, in this article we will discuss how to treat female infertility with black cohosh (cimicifuga racemosa).
Black cohosh is a glabrous herbaceous perennial plant, producing large, compound leaves from an underground rhizome and belongs to the family Ranunculaceae. It has been used in traditional medicine in treating symptoms of all kinds of gynaecological problems.
II. How black cohosh enhances female fertility
It contains high amount of phytoestrogen which helps to occupy the estrogen receptor sites in our body, leading to hormone balancing resulting in increasing the chance of ovulation and fertility.
2. Blood flow
Back cohosh is blood flow enhancer, it helps to increase the blood production and increase blood flow to the pelvic region resulting in increasing the function of the reproductive organs and the chance of egg implantation into the uterine lining and lessening the risk of infertility
3. Condense Tannins
It also contains condense tannin, a type of proanthocyanidin which has been used as nutritional and therapeutic supplements in Europe in promoting the function of flavonoids that not only helps to improve blood flood, but also reduces the risk of weaken kidney, leading to yi yang imbalance resulting in increasing the risk of infertility.
4. Nervous system
Back cohost is said to contain chemical agent which helps to bind the activities to serotonin receptors, thereby decreasing the risk of depress, anxiety and emotional and physical stress
resulting in decreasing the risk of infertility.
5. ferulic acid
Ferulic acid is an antioxidant which not only helps to neutralize free radicals, but also helps to increase the immune function in fighting against bacteria and virus resulting in lessening the risk of inflammation and reducing the risks of abnormal function of immune system in production of antibody antigen in the uterine mucus.
6. Kidney function diuretic
As kidney enhancer, back cohosh helps to promote the kidney function in the urinary discharge of which not only helps to reduce the risk of water retention, but also helps to lessen the risk of qi imbalance resulting in increasing the chance of fertility.
III. Risks and side effects
1. Liver damage
Over dose of back cohosh may cause liver damage.
Study shows that over dose of tannins for prolong period of time may increase the risks of nasal cancer.
3. Digestive system
Over dose of tannins may interfere with the function of digestive system in absorbing iron, leading to anaemia and digestive disorder resulting in dizziness, headaches, and seizures; diarrhea; nausea and vomiting. sweating; constipation.
Since it contain high levels of phytoestrogen, using black cohosh may interfere with natural hormone production during pregnancy, thereby increasing the risk of miscarriage.